Microwave Vs. Oven

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People often use both these terms interchangeably. But this is not what the reality is. Microwave and oven may share some common characteristics, but there’s a significant difference in how they function or operate.

If you’re curious to know about the differences and which one is used for what purpose, read this article in full. In this article, you’ll find in-depth insights about both Microwave and Oven. So, let’s get going.

What is a Microwave Oven?

As the name tells, a microwave oven is an appliance used to heat or cook food using microwaves. There’s a device, known as a magnetron that helps in producing microwaves. These microwaves strike the interior of the oven, and the temperature within the microwave oven rises.

This further heats up water or liquid molecules within the food. One can both cook and eat the food in a microwave. However, this is not considered a safe or healthy alternative to cooking or heating food.

What is Oven & Types (Conventional and Convection)

You can think of an oven as a chamber that is thermally insulated. It’s a multipurpose appliance used for baking, cooking, heating, or drying food substances. You can also call the furnaces and kilns special types of large ovens, used for metalwork and pottery.

Types of ovens

Usually, you’ll find two types of ovens, i.e., convectional and conventional ovens.

Convectional Ovens

Convectional ovens similar to other oven types are enclosed metallic devices. Convectional ovens have metallic elements on the top and at the bottom. When an electric current flows through these elements, they heat up the enclosed space, and this is how food is cooked.

Some convectional ovens come with a thermostat, while some don’t. The ones with the thermostat sense the temperature within the oven and adjust the current accordingly. You’ll also find some ovens that come with fans to distribute the heat evenly within the device.

Conventional ovens

Traditional or generic ovens are known as conventional ovens. These ovens have the heating element at the bottom and at the top of the appliance. There’s no fan in this device, and it uses a heating element to cool or heat the food up.

However, due to no fan, there can sometimes be cold spots in the food. It happens when the food is not heated uniformly.

Microwave Oven Vs. Oven

This section will help you compare microwave and convection ovens based on common factors. It’ll help you decide which one is best for you. Here are the differentiating factors: –

How do they work

  • Convection ovens use the old way of cooking, i.e., using the heating element. Current passes through the heating element, which converts electric current to heat energy. This energy is then circulated within the oven using a fan that further helps in cooking the food evenly.
  • Microwave ovens use a new mechanism for cooking food. There’s an electromagnetic device in the microwave, which uses electromagnetic radiations to heat the water molecules within the food. This helps in cooking or heating the food.

Power source 

  • For ovens, you can find models that use both electricity and gas as a power source. It means anyone can use it anywhere, but electric ones seem to be safer and more efficient out of the gas and electric ovens.
  • There’s a limitation with a microwave oven. The microwave ovens only work on electric power. No variant works on gas. So, it can be a limitation if you face frequent power cuts in your area.

Time for Cooking

  • When it comes to cooking, microwaves are slow. A microwave may heat up the food faster than conventional ovens, but the overall time it takes to cook food is slow.
  • Ovens, on the other hand, can reach higher temperatures pretty quickly. This is what makes them cook food quickly and easily. It doesn’t matter what food you’re cooking in the oven. It’ll always cook faster than in a microwave.


  • Ovens, both conventional and conventional, are more versatile as compared to a microwave. You can cook a good variety of foods using an oven. You can bake, grill, roast, brown, and even caramelize the food when you want. It’s a great benefit.
  • Microwave ovens usually heat food faster than conventional ovens. However, when it comes to versatility, microwaves are not as versatile as ovens. You can make popcorns, heat milk, or boil water. But if you consider cooking, baking, or roasting, it’s not just possible.

Capacity to cook

  • This is something that depends on what size you choose. However, in general, ovens have large compartments or overall size than a microwave oven. It means you can easily cook more food in less time as compared to a microwave oven.
  • Microwave ovens usually are smaller than conventional ovens. However, you can find bigger variants in the market with ease. But the efficiency decreases as the size increases. It’s because more size amounts to uneven heating and cold spots in the food. And this is not what you’ll wish.


  • Cleaning a convection oven takes more effort. It’s because you’ll have to let it cool to an optimum temperature before you can clean it. The food gets stuck in a lot of places, which makes cleaning an even harder process.
  • However, cleaning a microwave oven is significantly easier. Once you’re done cooking, you can use a damp cloth and wipe it inside out. There won’t be much for you to do. Also, there’s no rack inside the microwave as it is in an oven.


  • When you’re considering the cost, ovens are more costly as compared to microwaves. Even the average models will cost you more than a microwave oven. So, if you’re a bit low on budget, you must think of buying a microwave.
  • Good quality microwave ovens are available at low prices. You can find a decent quality oven at as low as Rs. 2500


Both microwaves and ovens are useful in their ways. Where microwave uses electromagnetic waves, an oven uses heat energy to heat and cook the food. One is costly, while another is available at a low price.

However, if you want to make one choice, you can define your requirements and then decide. You can consider the above factors and your requirements and then you can conclude which works the best for you. If you want more info like this one, please keep coming back.

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