If you deal in musical instruments and take interest in different types of instruments, you must know about the basic instruments like guitar, piano, bass, and drums. But, there is yet another musical instrument that might not be as popular as the ones mentioned earlier, but still recognized by many which is the ukulele.
In this article, let us take a look at the strings used in ukuleles and understand which strings can be perfect according to the unit you own. Make sure you read the article until the end so that you do not miss anything important about ukulele strings.
How Many Strings Does a Ukulele Have?
Unlike guitars and other fretted instruments, ukuleles are designed for much simpler and straightforward use. With a ukulele, you will not be able to reach the tone deviation which is possible in guitars. The main reason behind that is the number of strings used in it.
A ukulele generally consists of 4 strings. Hence, it only allows you to play 4 tunes simultaneously. The strings are tuned in the G_C_E_A manner that provides an easier platform for newcomers. This tuning is slightly inspired by the first four strings of a guitar, but a lot of notes are overlapped in this tuning method.
The number of strings on a ukulele is the sole reason behind its incompatibility to play variations such as an electric or even a regular guitar. The lower number of strings are kept in order to keep the ukulele simple in design as well as to prevent future maintenance.
How Long are Ukulele Strings?
Similar to a guitar, the strings on a ukulele rests on a fretboard that extends from the base of the ukulele towards the left or right side. The length of the strings used in a ukulele is highly dependent on the length of the fretboard, that is on the overall size of the ukulele.
To be precise, the string length which is to be used with the ukulele is dependent on two factors that are the total length of the ukulele and the scale length. The total length of the ukulele is the distance from one end of the instrument to the other whereas the scale length is the distance between the nut and the bridge of the ukulele.
In case you are also wondering which string is compatible with your ukulele, you can simply measure these two lengths and get the one that is suitable accordingly.
You can refer to the table given below to get the accurate string according to the length of your ukulele:
|Scale Length of Ukulele||String Length & Type|
|13 inches||21 inches strings (Soprano strings)|
|15 inches||23 inches strings (Concert strings)|
|17 inches||26 inches strings (Tenor strings)|
|19 inches||30 inches strings (Baritone strings)|
Different Types of Ukulele Strings
Apart from the length of the strings used in a ukulele, the material of the string also has a big role in the sound produced by the string, As you may already know, different materials react to vibrations and shocks differently. The tensed strings of various materials used in a ukulele create a different type of sound, which makes the ukulele unique.
You can also get multiple different types of strings added into your collection so that you can replace the strings whenever you want and get different feedback from your instruments, here are some of the common ukulele strings that you will find in the market:
1. Nylon Strings
Nylon strings are most common in the ukuleles and available on almost all variants of ukuleles, especially the budget-oriented options. The nylon strings are made out of a special kind of synthetic polymer that has decent tensile strength and it is capable of a lot of fatigue before failure.
Nylon strings generally sound much warmer and produce a mellow tune as compared to other strings. These strings are best for playing the ukulele at casual parties and suits perfectly Hawaiian music. It also avoids the possibility of rust on the strings in case you brought your ukulele to a humid place. Although, these things do not stay tuned for a long time and require frequent tuning.
2. Steel Strings
Metal strings or steel strings are not generally preferred for a ukulele. In contrast to that, they are commonly used for professional music instruments such as acoustic guitar, electric guitar, and bass that are used much roughly and frequently as compared to a ukulele.
But, this does not limit the capabilities of a ukulele as you can buy a steel string for ukulele too from third party vendors. These strings will definitely give you access to different types of tunings without failing and produce a brighter sound, similar to a guitar.
3. Fluorocarbon Strings
The fluorocarbon strings are nothing short of an upgrade over the classic nylon strings. These strings are made out of polyvinylidene fluoride, a special polymer that has more density and hardness as compared to the regular nylon.
By using the fluorocarbon strings, you can get a brighter sound output that is close to a metal string without a high investment. Due to high density and hardness, they also tend to last much longer than other strings and maintain the tuning for a long time.
4. Wound Type Strings
The wound type of strings is currently most popular amongst ukulele owners as they serve multiple purposes without needing to choose one or the other. The wound type strings consist of two different materials combined together to form the final string. These strings are available in both nylon as well as metal.
The wound nylon strings have a nylon core which is covered by a polymer thread on the outside. On the other hand, the wound metal strings have a metal core with nylon wounding on the outside. Both these options make the ukulele sound brighter as compared to the stock setting.
What is the Standard Tuning for a Ukulele?
The tuning of a ukulele refers to changing the tension of the strings manually. The pegs on the top of the fretboard are provided to maintain the string tension by simply rotating the pegs clockwise or counterclockwise. The standard tuning of a ukulele is crucial to maintain the performance of the ukulele and get the perfect sound output.
Methods of Tuning:
- Pedal Tuners: The ukuleles that offer an electronic pickup option can be tuned by this method. In this method, an electronic signal is passed through the quarter of the cable to identify the note and help youtube the instrument accordingly.
- Clip-on Tuners: This is also an electronic tuning method where a clip-on tuner is attached to the headstock of the ukulele. This device measures the vibrations of the wooden part of the instruments to generate an accurate result. Therefore, it does not require your ukulele to have an electric pickup.
- Smart Tuning Apps: If both options are not available, you can download certain apps on your smartphone which tell you about the note while you are tuning it. This method is not reliable as smartphones do not pick up the tone correctly via the microphone.
How to Tune the Ukulele Strings?
Even though there are a handful of different types of ukuleles available in the scene, almost all variants are tuned in a G_C_E_A manner. This typical tuning can be translated string by a string as given below:
1. First String
The first string needs to be tuned to the A4 note. In application, this string will be called the A string and it will produce the highest pitch sounds.
2. Second String
Coming to the second string, this one should be tuned to the E4 note. This string is called the E string and produces low pitch sounds.
3. Third String
Up next, the third-string is to be tuned with a C4 note. The third-string is also referred to as the C string as per the note and it creates the lowest pitch sounds out of all.
4. Fourth String
The last string is tuned to the note G4. The fourth string (also called the G string) creates the second-highest pitch sounds out of all four strings.
Every string-based musical instrument is based upon the quality and performance of the string in order to produce music. If there is a problem with the string, you cannot create a soothing sound and the generated notes will be off. In the case of guitars and ukuleles, the strings generally require tuning or replacement after a significant period of time.
Today, we talked about all of the important properties of a string used in the ukulele. In case you are looking to buy a new string for your ukulele, you can find all of the necessary information right in one place. Here, you can find the required material, length, and type of string suitable for your use. You can also tune your newly purchased string by referring to our tuning guide given above.