Do you love to wear clothes that are your own masterpieces? Are you a fan of sewing? Have you ever wondered what is a sewing machine and how are they classified?
People know about sewing machines but are often confused about the different types of sewing machines. In this article, we have discussed the different types of sewing machines. Sewing machines can be classified in two types. They are domestic and industrial.
Domestic sewing machines are designed to be used in homes. They are further classified into many different types. Industrial sewing machines are designed for industrial use. They can be further classified into several specialized machines. Let’s learn about them.
Sewing Machines Types
Sewing machines are a revolutionary invention in the industry of upholstery and clothing. There are several kinds of sewing machines. It is best to buy a domestic sewing machine, if you are sewing twice or thrice a week. If you are planning to sew all day daily, it is best to go for the industrial sewing machine.
According to the name, you may have understood that these are usually used by people in their homes. They are bought by sewing enthusiasts who are sewing twice or thrice a week.
It is ideal for sewing enthusiasts as they use them for different purposes. They can be for making shirts, dresses, or for sewing cushion covers and curtains.
These are the different types of domestic sewing machines that you can find in the market:
After reading the name, you might have guessed how it works. It performs all the different functions manually. These types of sewing machines do not come with an electric motor. It comes with a foot pedal. You need to move the foot pedal with your foot. Along with this, hand wheeling is required to start stitching. This is considered to be among the basic types. You can still go buy them in the market.
Electronic Sewing Machine
As the name suggests, these machines are operated with the help of electricity. As a result, they are able to perform more functions than manual sewing machines. While choosing an electronic sewing machine, you will have a plethora of choices offered by different brands. They also offer several lengths of stitch and stitchings.
The different types of stitching done by them are straight, decorative, as well as zigzag. Some of them have an option for a buttonhole. You can access the functions through a knob instead of an electrical computerized panel.
Computerized or Automated machines
With the development in technology, now you will also find automated as well as computerized machines. The machine offers display through an LCD screen. It also has an automatic needle used for threading along with stitches for embroidery. They provide different lengths for stitching as well as tension controls.
Sewing machines that are computerized comes with a buttonhole. Also, it has built-in programs for stitching. Apart from these, they are long-lasting as well as have a sturdy design. The only disadvantage is that they are quite expensive. If you buy these machines from a reputed brand, they also provide lessons along with warranties.
If you love embroideries and love doing them, these machines are obviously a great investment. These machines provide you with some built-in designs. Also, they have the ability to memorize and store the design within the system.
The machine also has a USB port. It gives access to the person doing the embroidery to get access to more designs as well as store them in the sewing machine’s memory. These machines’ prices lie in the higher end and some may cost several thousands.
If you wish to make large quilts, then we suggest you for the quilting machines. The arm of this machine is long. It allows the fabrics in great volumes to go through the machine. They have the ability to sew through thick fabrics. The machine’s feed makes sure the machine remains steady while stitching and the sewing done is even.
Overlocking or serger machines
This type of sewing machine is relatively new in the market. If you are planning to sew fleeces for active sportswear or stretch knits, they are the perfect choice. The serger or overlocker is available with 3-4 threads. It can sew, oversew, as well as trim the seam’s edges. Sewing with a serger machine usually has neat edges and it looks like they are done by professionals. They can also be used for creating gentle gathers. They may be a bit tricky. If you get a self-threading serger within your budget, then you should definitely buy it.
Portable or Handheld
Nowadays, you will also come across really small sewing machines. They can be easily handheld and you can carry this with you everywhere. The design of these machines is not sturdy. It is also advised to not sew for long hours in this one. They are best if you use them for the purpose of mending or small projects.
The sewing machines that are used in the industry are different from the ones used in your homes. They are designed to be durable that can handle different types of fabrics. The fabrics that industrial sewing machines can handle are heavyweight fabrics, leather, plastic, upholstery fabrics, canvas, and rubber.
Some of the industrial machines are also being used in the home industry. This is just because of the fact that they last longer and are more durable.
While choosing industrial machines, you will come across several options. Each type specializes in a particular sew function. The body and the interior of these machines are made of metal. They last longer as they rarely have any computerized functions and are mostly mechanical.
Before you decide to purchase an industrial sewing machine, make sure that you need to be more skilled to operate them properly. You need to practice with it and master it. After mastering, it will be a cakewalk for you.
Some things that you need to remember with industrial machines is that they work faster and make a lot of noise. Also, it is necessary to have good control over your speed on the foot pedal to work efficiently with them. Some of the common industrial machines are given below along with their specialization.
Cover stitch machine
It is an industrial machine that specializes in hemming, adding decorative effects, topstitching, and binding.
These as well as heavy duty lockstitch machines are quite similar. The stitch created by these machines is quite similar to what is created in backstitch. They can do both zigzag as well as straight stitch. The stitch looks similar in the front and back.
As the name suggests, these machines create chain stitch. This kind of stitch is good for fabrics that can stretch. They can also be used for decorative as well as binding purposes.
These machines create a hemstitch that is invisible. These machines are fast as well as efficient.
Buttons and buttonholes
These machines are specially designed to sew buttons. This is done using the lockstitch mechanism. A buttonhole machine made for industrial use has many buttonholes present in them.
Back tack machines
You often come across small stitches on the pocket’s top edges. They are done using the back tack machines. They can also be used in loops for belts or places that require to be reinforced.
These kinds of machines offer a walking foot. This allows tough as well as sticky leather to glide over them.
Zig Zag Machine
These machines are meant for zig-zag stitching. They are mainly used for the production of underwear and bra to produce the elastics.
We can say that the industry that produces sewing machines has made quite a progress. Be it the home industry or the industrial industry, sewing machines are very popular. You can choose your sewing machine according to your requirement and budget. Apart from these two factors, you should also consider your skill level in sewing before buying a machine. If you have any doubts regarding any of the machines, feel free to ask.