Convection Oven vs Conventional Oven: Which one to Choose?

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Have you purchased a new oven in the past decade? If your answer is yes, then you must have come across two options. One is a conventional oven and the other is a convection oven.

But do you know the difference between the two? Do you know how to use them? And the biggest question is do you understand how they work? You may have heard that among the two one is better than the other one.

But you will always have mixed reviews. So, it is better to understand the two types of ovens and buy the one that fits with your requirements. Conventional ovens have been around the market for a longer time. There still lies some uncertainty over conventional ovens.

In this article, we will discuss the two types of ovens along with their pros and cons. After understanding the two different ovens, you will learn about the key differences between the two. Once you have completed reading the article, you will make up your mind on which oven you should buy.

What is a Convection Oven

In simple words, convection ovens are those ovens that circulate air with the help of fans inside the oven. The circulation of air through fans makes the process of cooking faster. It also allows more heat transfer to the food that provides a better and even result.

The best thing is all the processes are done at a lower temperature than other ovens. In this oven, when you put the cold food inside, the heat evenly gets distributed all over the food. This in turn removes the cold air that blankets the food.

The circulation of heat through the fan makes the outsides of the food cook as well as brown faster keeping the insides juicy. It also saves energy while cooking in a convection oven as it cooks 25 degrees less than the other one.

Pros of convection oven

Cooking is even: 

The air circulation inside of the oven makes the cooking even. This makes the food evenly crisp as well as brown on the outside and keeping the insides moist as well as tender. They are ideal if you plan on making cookies and pies that are crispier on the outside and soft inside. They are also the perfect choice for roasting large pieces of meat.

Time to cook is short: 

The time required to cook is less than the conventional ovens. This is because of the fans present in the oven.

Better efficiency: 

The cooking time is less. This means that the energy consumed by the oven is less. This in return increases the efficiency of the oven. Also, the time for preheating is faster.

Better capacity for cooking: 

One of the greatest advantages of convection ovens is being capable to cook several dishes at a single time.

Cons of convection oven

Adjustments are required to the recipes: 

When your cooking takes less time, there comes the need to make adjustments to your recipes. The adjustments may be like reducing the required time or decreasing the temperature. It may become difficult to change the cooking time. But you can easily decrease the temperature of the oven. You just need to reduce the temperature by 25°.

Not perfect if you are baking something gentle: 

If you are planning to bake breads, flaky pastries, or cakes, convection ovens are not the right choice.

Function decreases with overcrowding: 

It is true that several dishes at the same time in a convection oven. But it has certain disadvantages as well. It limits air circulation or even blocks the fans. This leads to cooking taking longer time.


Convection ovens have a higher cost compared to conventional ovens. Moreover, the exhaust system and additional parts of the fan also increases the cost of repairing.

What are Conventional Ovens?

Conventional ovens are those ovens that are stationery. In these kinds of ovens, the heat rises from the bottom. These ovens offer pockets of air. This air can be either cool or warm from the temperature that is being indicated by the indicator.

This is one of many reasons why while cooking in these ovens, people open them half-way. After opening, they turn the cooking sheets or change the direction of the roasting. This is done to ensure that the food in the front is cooked properly and the food in the back is not burnt.

You can use these ovens either to bake or cook. They are better for baking rather than cooking. Most of the people are more familiar with these ovens than convection ovens. This is a reason why they are more popular than convection ovens.

Pros of conventional ovens


The conventional oven’s temperature settings, cooking time, as well as functionalities are something that people understand better and are more familiar with. This all makes them easier to use.

Recipes can be made easily: 

You can easily make your recipes in the oven without any adjustments.

Better baking: 

With conventional ovens, you have a wider variety to bake. The baking ranges from cookies, cakes, pies, and even pastries.

Cost: The cost of conventional ovens is less than convection ovens.

Cons of conventional ovens

Cooking is uneven: 

The air in conventional ovens is stationary and it has air pockets. Some of the pockets are usually warmer than the others. This in return makes cooking inside the oven uneven.

Less capacity to cook: 

If the items that you are cooking are placed closer to the heating elements, there is a chance of them getting burned. Also, if you cook several items inside the oven at the same time, it increases the time to cook. It also decreases the temperature inside the oven.

Cooking time is more: 

Time to cook in a conventional oven is more. This can hamper your time with your family or friends in a get-together.

The efficiency is less: 

Preheating takes more time in conventional ovens. This consumes more gas and electricity and in return decreases the efficiency.

What is the Difference Between a Conventional and Convection oven?

There are significant differences between these two types of ovens. The key differences are listed below.

Air circulation

In convection ovens, the circulation of air comes from the fans. For conventional ovens, air comes out from different air pockets and it is stationary.


In convection ovens, the cooking is even. The even cooking is possible because of the air circulation inside the oven. This makes the outsides brown as well as crispier and insides tender as well as soft. In conventional ovens, the cooking is uneven. This is why people who cook in conventional ovens often change the position half-way through the cooking.

Time required to cook

The time required to cook in the convection oven is less than conventional ovens. This is because in conventional ovens air comes from a stationary heating element and in conventional ovens, they come out of the fans.


The cooking capacity of a convection oven is more. This means that you can cook several dishes at the same time in them. In conventional ovens, the cooking capacity is less. You can cook several dishes in these ovens. But, you have to be careful to not keep any dish too close to the heating element. This is because there is a risk of the food getting burned.

Cooking recipes

While you are cooking in a conventional oven, you do not need to adjust your recipes. People are more familiar to them and they understand how to cook in these ovens better. In convection ovens, the recipes need to be adjusted while cooking. You can either reduce the cooking time or reduce the temperature. It is better if you reduce the temperature by 25 degrees.


It is better to bake in a conventional oven rather than a convection oven. Conventional ovens are designed to produce better results while baking breads, cakes, pies, and even pastries.


The efficiency of convection ovens is better than conventional ovens. This is because in convection ovens the time to prepare the food is less. Also, the air circulation reduces the time for preheating. Overall it reduces the cost and energy consumption and increases the energy.

BasisConvection OvenConventional Oven
Air circulationAir circulation is done
with the help of fans
Air comes from a
stationary heating element
CookingEven cookingUneven cooking
Time required to cookLessMore
BakingLess preferableMore preferable
Cooking recipesNeeds adjustmentsDoes not needs adjustments

Final Word

Depending on your requirements, choose wisely among the two different ovens. Both of them have their shares of advantages and disadvantages.

We hope that after reading the article, all your doubts regarding the two ovens are clear. If you face any difficulty while understanding the differences between the two, feel free to write to us.

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