With increasing water issues, the water pumps have become a necessity in India, both in rural as well as urban places. Irrespective of the fact whether the rainfall every year is good or not, we face water scarcity issues. Water pumps can be really helpful to overcome this wrath of water issues.
This simple yet innovative tool can be used to draw water from underground sources and supply it to homes or commercial places. Understanding which water pump is good for you and your application can help you a lot in reducing the cost and increasing the life span of the system. The price of water pumps ranges from Rs 2000 – 5000.
You can find a number of water pumps in the market and this makes buying the best one a difficult task. To make this easier for you, here are a few factors that you must consider before finalizing one for you.
Flow Rate: The flow rate shows how effective is the water pump and how much water can it pump per minute. It is considered that a pump with a flow rate of 100-200 liters is suitable enough if you are planning to use it at home whereas, if you wish to use for commercial purpose, the pump should offer a flow rate of 2500 liters and above per minute.
Capacity: Installing a high-capacity water pump helps in providing faster water flow. A typical water pump that is used for household purpose provides a capacity of 0.5HP to 2HP.
Maximum Head Range: This refers to the longest distance (in terms of height) that the pump will be able to drain water. You must always select a pump that offers a head range higher than the height that you intend to pump.
To help you buy the best water pump for your house, we have shortlisted 5 products on the basis of their power rating, capacity, and efficiency. You can check the “Buying Guide” below to understand these pointers clearly. Now let’s take a look at these products with a detailed review!
Top 5 Water Pumps in India
|Water Pumps||Voltage||Capacity||Warranty||Buy Now|
|Kirloskar Water Pump||180-240V||0.5HP||18 months||CHECK ON AMAZON|
|Sameer Water Pump||180-240V||0.5HP||1 year||CHECK ON AMAZON|
|Crompton Water Pump||220V||1HP||10 days (replacement policy)||CHECK ON AMAZON|
|Havells Water Pump||180-240V||0.5HP||1 year||CHECK ON AMAZON|
|Lakshmi Water Pump||220V||0.5HP||1 year||CHECK ON AMAZON|
5 Best Water Pump Brand Reviews in India
The Kirloskar Chotu 0.5HP Domestic Water Pump is a highly efficient pump that comes with a self-pumping feature and can pump up to 0.5HP. The machine works well even when there are voltage fluctuations. It can handle a voltage grade ranging from 180-240V.
The pump has an iron cast body that offers durability to the product. It also features B-class insulation that makes sure that the device is safe to use at home. It is a low-maintenance pump that is very light in weight and is very easy to handle.
- Flow Rate: 6-33lpm
- Maximum Head Range: 3-32 meters
- Type of the pump: Self-Priming Monoblock Pump
- The pump is capable of priming up to 3 meters of static-suction lift without a foot valve.
- It has a unique motor design that can work on UPS.
- The capacitor is present inside the terminal box.
- The TEFC capacitor starts and runs the motor.
- TOP (Thermal Overload Protector) prevents the pump from overheating or getting damaged.
Warranty and Service Quality: It comes with a manufacturer’s warranty of 18 months from the date of purchase.
- The water pump is lightweight and is easy to handle.
- It is highly efficient and is UPS compatible.
- The pump offers a ‘B’ class of insulation and is very safe to use.
- The steel body case offers durability to the product.
- The price is affordable.
- It allows self-priming up to 3 meters.
- The suction power is a bit low when compared to other products.
The Sameer I-Flo Water Pump is loaded with varied features and sturdy design that adds on to the life of the pump. It has a thermal overload protector (TOP) that ensures the safety of the device and makes it convenient to use at home. This also prevents overheating of the device.
The pump is installed with a heavy-duty forged brass impeller with vane-type fins for extra lifting capacity. The motor is capable of withstanding wide voltage fluctuations from 180-240 volts while its strong built adds life to the pump.
- Flow Rate: 0-70lpm
- Maximum Head Range: 100-120ft
- Type of the pump: Self Priming Pump
- The pump offers a sturdy design that assures the longevity of the product.
- The motor can work within a wide voltage fluctuation ranging from 180-240 Volts.
- It is built using a smart motor technology that protects the device from overheating by shutting off automatically.
- The pump is energy efficient and has double ball bearings.
- Warranty and Service Quality: It comes with a manufacturer’s warranty of 1 year from the date of purchase.
- The pump delivers the ultimate performance.
- It is quite powerful and does not produce much noise.
- The device offers reliable protection to the motor and prevents overheating.
- The installation process is very easy.
- It is compact in size.
- It is not sufficient for heavy-duty draining.
The Crompton Mini Samudra Water Pump is a self-priming monoset pump that is great for using at commercial places, apartments, farmhouses, etc. It is a great water pump and is made up using high-quality aluminum metal. This ensures that the body of the pump stays away from rust and scale for a very long time.
An interesting feature of this pump is you can either mount it over the wall or place it over the floor. Thus, mounting is completely your choice as it works well both ways. It is an advanced and long-lasting pump that provides sufficient power supply to draw water up till the tank.
- Flow Rate: 10-44 lpm
- Maximum Head Range: 25mm
- Type of the pump: Self Priming Monoset Pump
- You can either mount the pump over the wall or place it on the floor.
- It features Thermal Overload Protector to prevent the device from overheating.
Warranty and Service Quality: It comes with a replacement policy of 10 days from the date of purchase.
- It is a compact and versatile product.
- The water pump looks elegant and is fitted with TOP.
- The pump features a better built and quality.
- The pump is designed to consume low power and provide high efficiency.
- It is a lightweight pump and allows both wall and floor mounting.
- The pump is a bit noisy while functioning.
The Havells Hi-Flow MX2 Series Water Pump has an energy-efficient motor and is manufactured using modern technology. It provides an innovative solution to all the water problems and provides reliable performance.
The pump is beneficial for both commercial purposes as well as for water-lifting to the upper tank. It comes with an SS-shaft that protects the shaft of the pump from rusting. This rusting is usually caused due to hard water.
- Flow Rate: 8-34lpm
- Maximum Head Range: 6-27mm
- Type of the pump: Centrifugal Water Pump
- The high-grade pump castings ensure the slow rusting of the pump.
- The motor features F Class insulation that ensures that it does not get burnt.
- Pump offers higher suction power and gives high discharge in its operating range.
Warranty and Service Quality: It comes with a manufacturer’s warranty of 1 year from the date of purchase.
- It is an ISO-certified product.
- The pump works smoothly even at higher temperatures.
- It is a powerful pump.
- The dual-coated F Class copper winding wires provide high motor efficiency.
- Stainless Steel Shaft (SS-410) prevents the shaft from rusting.
- It has an in-built thermal overload protector.
- The pump is great, but it does not have a handle to lift it up.
The Lakshmi 1 HP Self Priming Monoblock Water Pump offers a great flow rate and thus, is an amazing pump for domestic use. It is made up using high-grade aluminum that makes the machine rust-free.
It is capable of lifting water at a height of 45ft and can also pull water that is 15ft deep. Thus, it is a suitable water pump to lift water from a lower tank or while gardening. It can be even used at construction sites.
- Flow Rate: 117-178lpm
- Maximum Head Range: 20 meters
- Type of the pump: Self Priming Monoblock Water Pump
- The impeller is made up of forged brass with radial vane design to provide hassle-free operation.
- The TEFC capacitor start and run motor with IP-44 protection.
- It can withstand wide voltage fluctuation ranging from 220 Volts.
- Foot valve is made using premium material and ensures reliable performance.
- It has an aluminum extruded/die cast motor body that makes the pump corrosion resistant.
Warranty and Service Quality: It comes with a manufacturer’s warranty of 1 year from the date of purchase.
- The pump is ISI-certified.
- It is a lightweight pump.
- Its compact size offers easy installation.
- The pump has an in-built thermal overload protector.
- The installation process is very easy and quick.
- The terminals are easily accessible.
Things to Consider Before Buying a Water Pump
There are many important factors that you must consider before buying a water pump so that it meets all your requirements. Some of these factors are as follows:
1. Flow Rate:
The flow rate of a water pump determines the amount of water that can be pumped over a specific period of time. It is measured as the number of liters per min i.e. l/min.
If you are planning to buy the water pump for commercial use like at farms or job sites, you must buy a model that can pump over 2,500 liters of water per minute. However, if you want to use at your home or garden, you can buy a pump offering a flow rate between 100 – 200 liters per minute.
2. Pump Horsepower:
Horsepower drives the motor to operate the water pump. If the horsepower is more, this means that the volume (flow) and the pressure (PSI) will be more too.
It helps in getting the work done quickly and is very helpful while moving water to a longer distance.
For a regular house pump that can be used at home, it should offer 0.5 HP to 2 HP.
The pressure of the water pump is measured in bars. The pressure is the force with which the water is being pumped. Generally, to raise the water at a height of 10 meters, a force of one bar i.e. 14.5 PSI is required.
One thing that you must remember is pressure and flow rate are always proportional to each other.
4. Vertical Suction Lift:
Vertical suction lift means the vertical distance between the water source and the water pump. To be more precise, if the water pump is mounted at the top of the well, the vertical suction will be calculated as the distance between the pump and the water level.
The higher you set up the pump, the higher suction lift you will require.
5. Maximum Head Lift:
The maximum head lift is the total height at which the water pump can pump the water from the water source to the tank or its final destination. For example, if you are buying a water pump with a maximum head of 50 meters and if you are trying to pump water in levels higher than 50 meters, the flow rate will be zero.
Hence, the type of pump that you are going to buy should have a maximum head lift that is higher than the height that you are planning to pump the water.
6. Size of the Inlet:
The size of the inlet valve has a huge impact on the total time required to pump out the water. If the size of the inlet valve is big, it will be able to pump out more amount of water in lesser time. Thus, it offers double benefits – helps in saving time and gets the job done quickly.
The size of the inlet valve generally ranges between 1 inch to 6 inches. However, some water pumps have water inlets more than 6 inches too.
You should always try and match the size of the hose with your existing pipes to allow easy connection while installing the water pump.
Priming is a process where the air is removed from the pump and the suction line. Priming can be done either manually or automatically.
If you are doing it manually, you will have to first fill the pump with water and then turn on the machine. A few models of water pumps come equipped with its self-priming technology. In these models, you can simply plug in the switch and turn on the motor. These models are the most suitable usage at home.
You must also consider the diameter and check if it is going to fit well in the shaft of the borewell.
You should check the actual dimension of the shaft of the well accurately and then leave a little space for improper specifications or issues. This way, you will know that the water pump will fit properly to the shaft of the well.
9. Foot Valves:
A foot valve is quite similar to a check valve. It allows only one-way flow and shuts off whenever the water flow is coming in a reverse direction. Foot valves are very helpful in preventing the water inside the pipe and the storage tank from flowing back to the ground and keep the pump primed.
These valves fit perfectly over the pick-up end of the water pipe.
10. Water Pump Material:
The design and the materials used to make the water pump are one of the most important factors that determine the longevity and reliability of the pump.
While checking the quality of the pump, you must check the materials that are used to make parts like the shaft, the impeller, the engine casing, the pump housing, and other fittings.
Cast Iron Pumps:
Cast iron is one of the most commonly used housing materials, especially in electric pumps.
The impellers can be made using either cast iron or bronze.
Nevertheless, cast iron housings along with bronze impellers are considered as a great and cost-effective combination.
Stainless Steel Pumps:
Stainless steel is resistant to corrosion. Hence, most of the electrically powered high centrifugal pumps, sump pumps, and submersible pumps are usually made using stainless steel housings and driver hardware.
Out of all the common materials used for housing and impeller that you will find in most of the electric-powered water pumps, bronze (i.e. an alloy of tin and copper) offers an amazing combination of cost and resistance to corrosion, abrasion, and cavitation.
Water pumps made using bronze are great to be used in seawater and warm water environments.
Aluminum is a lightweight material (it is almost one-third of the weight of steel). Thus, it is easy to cast and provides good durability. It is resistant to corrosion too. Aluminum pumps are generally used at places that require portable pumps to perform tougher tasks.
11. Single-stage or Multi-stage Pumps:
Water pumps can be either single-stage or multi-stage.
Single-stage models feature only one impeller that sucks and pumps the water. Multi-stage models, on the other hand, feature multiple impellers.
The advantage of using a multi-stage pump is that there is a progressive increase in the water pressure by each impeller. These pumps offer great hydraulic efficiency. Not only these models are robust but are cost-effective too. Because of the way they operate, multi-stage pumps are often called as centrifugal pumps where the water is sucked in because of the high-speed rotation of the impeller.
12. Single-phase or Multi-phase Power Supply:
Different models of water pumps have different levels of power. It depends on their specific features. While some models use a single-phase power supply, others use a three-phase power supply.
13. Thermal Overload Protection:
Thermal overload protection in the water pump helps in reducing the risks of short circuits, especially when the pump is running dry.
You might also want to consider the number of decibels that the water pump generates, depending on where and how are you installing the pump. This is not applicable for submersible water pumps though.
15. Quality of the Pump:
You should always check the quality of the pump. The crucial parts like engine or motor should be from a good and reputed brand as they offer a long lifespan. This is very helpful in maintaining the quality of the water pump for a long time.
You can buy a good water pump within a price range of Rs. 2,000 to Rs. 5,000. It is advised to invest in branded machines so that it provides years of service.
Checking the warranty period is very important, especially in products like water pumps that are designed for robust use. You should always go with a brand that offers a warranty for a minimum of 1 year. Some brands even offer a replacement policy if there is any major issue. Hence, go through the return and replacement policy properly.
Types of water pumps
There are 2 types of water pumps namely domestic pumps and agricultural pumps. Let us learn about them in detail.
1. Domestic Pumps
As the name suggests, the domestic pumps are used for domestic usage such as daily water consumption. These pumps usually offer a lower flow rate and work on low power when compared to the agricultural pumps. The domestic pumps are further divided into 5 categories. Let’s check them out!
Self-Prime Regenerative Pumps
The Self-prime regenerative pumps are used for handling freshwater that is free from chemicals or any abrasive materials. They are built using self-priming technology and thus, they do not require a foot valve.
These pumps have vanes on either side of the rim that rotate continuously inside the pump’s casing. Instead of the fluid getting discharged from the top, it is re-circulated back to the bottom of the impeller. This helps the pump in re-priming itself. These types of pumps are best suitable for domestic water supply or at gardens or lawns.
Like the self-prime regenerative pumps, the Centrifugal Pumps are best suitable for handling freshwater that is free from chemical or abrasive materials and can be used for filling water in swimming pools, or in gardens, small irrigation farms, etc.
When compared to regenerative pumps, these pumps offer higher discharge and excellent hydraulic performance. They operate efficiently at a very low maintenance cost. The main feature of these pumps is they circulate the water by converting rotational kinetic energy into hydrodynamic energy. They derive this rotational energy using the electric motor and use centrifugal force to pump out the water.
The submersible pumps come is sealed motors and they are installed inside the water bodies such as wells or bore wells. These types of pumps do not require priming and provide a higher efficiency rate.
The submersible pumps are considered as a wise choice for domestic usage as they are low-maintenance pumps and once you install it, you will not have to worry about anything.
Bore Well Compressor Pumps
The Bore Well Compressor Pumps are designed specially to pump water from deep bore wells. These pumps use the air pressure to lift the water and are best suited for wells with a depth of 600 ft. There are 2 types of borewell compressor pumps – monobloc and belt-driven.
Pressure Booster Pumps
The Pressure Booster Pumps are generally used in residential areas to provide smooth and pressurized freshwater supply. They are engineered to provide the required pressure according to your requirements.
These pumps are usually installed at places with deep and shallow water supplies to promote pressurized water flow.
2. Agricultural Pumps
Agricultural pumps are used by farmers to promote good crop production. They are even used at commercial places where the expected flow rate is higher. There are 2 types of agricultural pumps.
Centrifugal Monoblock Pumps
These pumps function in a similar way as the centrifugal pumps. The monoblock pumps use centrifugal force to pump out the water but the only difference here is they are used to cover larger areas. Thus, these pumps are more efficient and provide a higher flow rate that can be up to 25lps.
The agricultural submersible pumps also work the same way by keeping the priming issue aside. They offer a higher power of 60 hp and can be operated at the depth of 1640 feet. These pumps provide a higher flow rate that can range up to 38lps.
Frequently Asked Questions
There are two important factors that can be helpful in deciding the size of the water pump: motor power and maximum head lift.
If you are buying a water pump for household purposes, you can opt for a model with 0.5HP to 2HP.
Before buying a water pump, don’t forget to check the maximum head life. It is usually mentioned in feet. The maximum head life is the total height at which the pump can start pumping water from the water source to the destination.
Generally, you must select a water pump that has a maximum head that is more than the height at which you want to pump the water.
A water pump is a very essential tool and can be used for multiple purposes such as:
*Irrigation purpose for agricultural land
*At construction sites
*Draining or filling the swimming pool or pond
*Draining water from a basement
*Draining flooded areas
Monoblock pumps are those where the rotating parts of the pump are placed on a standard shaft. This type of placement helps in providing a dynamic balance to the rotating parts, which, in turn, causes less vibration and noise while functioning.
Since we use water pumps on a daily basis, the possibilities are high that they might lose efficiency, if not maintained properly. Some of the major reasons are as follows:
*Leakage on the pump’s base-valve or shaft-seal.
*When there is a blockage caused in its suction-strainer due to debris.
A suction-cavitation occurs whenever a pump is in under-low pressure or high vacuum conditions. During this process, bubbles or cavities start forming at the eye of the impeller.
Water scarcity can be a very problematic thing in a long run. Thus, selecting the best power pump is very important as it can solve all the water issues. Along with this, maintaining a water pump can also be a tedious task. Keeping these pointers in mind, we must always go for a low-maintenance device that will last for a long time. We would recommend Kirloskar Chotu 0.5HP Domestic Water Pump as it is highly efficient.
It is a low-maintenance pump and is very easy to handle. It also features B-class insulation that makes sure that the device is safe to use at home.
We hope these reviews and buying guide help you find the best water pump for you. In case of any queries, you can write us back in the comments section below.