Everything You Need to Know About Air Conditioner Types in India

Don’t know who to blame actually, but the temperatures have drastically risen up over the past few decades. And, especially in a country like India, you simply can’t expect a comfortable life during the summers when the temperature easily touches up to 50 degrees.

However, we as humans have the duty of finding solutions to the problems we face, and you know what? A big thanks to the evolving technology that gave us this awesome machine, we often call or refer to it as an Air Conditioner or AC. Well, we just can’t expect to live our lives without ACs anymore, especially if you are using one for a long time, you cannot look back now.

Well, there’s no such need to look back, in fact, we are here to guide you forward by showing you the various types of ACs that are available in India at the moment. So, if you are looking to buy a new AC for your home, this article is going to be extremely helpful for you.

Since we will be covering all the AC types in this article, you can go through each type and learn a thing or two about them, and later on decide which type of AC will offer you the best experience according to your requirements. So without any further delay, let’s quickly check out the Air Conditioner Types in India.

Types of AC in India

It is absolutely clear to all of you that there are simply more than one or two types of ACs that are available to choose from. However, regardless of the type of AC you choose, the one thing that’s going to be common around them is their sizes.

Measured in Tons basically, you can simply find the best-suited one for yourself according to the size of the room you wish to install the AC in. So, if you are confused about choosing the right size, take a little help from this table:

Room Size (in sq.ft.)Size of the AC
0-80 sq.ft.0.75-0.8 Ton
80-120 sq.ft.1 Ton
120-190 sq.ft.1.5 Ton
190-300 sq.ft.2 Ton

After you decide the right size of the AC you need, you can jump onto the next task which is to select the type of AC. Out of all types of ACs available in India, the most common options you will encounter are Split AC and WIndow AC.

Other kinds of ACs such as Portable ACs and Inverter ACs are the same, but with some additional features and functions. Don’t worry, we will cover them up too, so stay with us and keep reading until the end.

Split AC

split ac

The name is quite self-explanatory of the machine itself here since these types of ACs have two separate units. One of the units is going to be installed inside the room while the other units will stay outside the house where both the units stay connected to each other with a connecting pipe.

The working principle of Split ACs is very simple, the outside compressor unit takes in air, compresses it, and makes it cooler. Thereafter, the cold air is transferred to the Blower unit via the connecting pipe.

Henceforth, the blower unit, or say the inside unit is able to provide you with cool air. The main advantage of installing Split ACs is that you can basically install them in any room. Not just that, it also offers you the feasibility to choose the right location of installation inside the room. However, the most optimal place to install a Split AC is on the wall that has its opposite side facing outside the home.

Window AC

window ac

Unlike Split ACs, surely there are some drawbacks with Window ACs as you can only install these ones if you have a Window-opening. But in case you have a window in your room, we would prefer to install Window AC over Split AC any day.

The reason is, Window ACs have both the Compressor and Blower unit embedded in one single unit where the blower-side of the AC faces inside of the room, the exhaust side of the AC remains out of the window and blows out all the warm air.

While the Window ACs are more economical as compared to Split ACs, these ones do make a lot of noise which most people usually dislike about them. But one considerable factor here is that Split ACs have lesser cooling potential. While the Window ACs directly throw in cold air, the Split ACs usually can’t match that level because the cold air loses some chill while being transferred from one unit to the other.

For a quick comparison between the Split AC and Window AC, take a look at the following table:

 Split ACWindow AC
Mounting PlaceOn the WallOn the Window Frame
PortabilityNot PortablePortable
Cooling PowerLessHigh
NoiseMakes Less NoiseMakes Loud Noise

Portable AC

portable ac

For the Indian Audience, the Portable ACs are still a new type of AC as there are not many brands that actually manufacture these kinds of AC here.

Only a few brands like Lloyd are offering Portable ACs for now, but with time, we will surely see it evolving around. Portable ACs, as per their name are highly portable and mostly look like Air Coolers. In this type, the basic working of the AC remains the same, but the only change is that you will need to connect its hose to a window to blow out the warm air from the room.

Well, you can say you will need a window to use the portable ACs, but the fact that you can simply move and shift them from one room to another in a matter of minutes makes them so special, that too without any hassle of installation that you usually face while installing a Split or Window AC. Portable ACs are a good option for those who often shift home from one place to another. You can always carry it with you while you shift your home, and use it right away without bothering about the installation.

Inverter AC

inverter ac

Coming over to the next type, you all must have heard about Inverter ACs, right? Well, even if you are not familiar with the type, we will explain it to you. First of all, “Inverter” in the name is not because these kinds of ACs work on Inverter Power during power cuts. So what does it signify then? The term is used for the latest technology it uses that is inverting the AC current into DC to control and regulate the compressor’s functioning.

In conventional ACs, or say the non-inverter ones, the compressor is turned Off when the temperature of the room is cooled down to the desired level. Hence, when the temperature starts to rise again, the compressor gets turned On once again to do its job. Such continuous On and Off patterns make the AC suck up a large amount of electricity.

On the other hand, the Inverter AC turns On the compressor and keeps it On all the time, but on an optimal level to maintain the room temperature as well as to save electricity. How? When the motor is turned On, it takes a large amount of Power.

So, keeping the compressor On all the time is more economical than turning the motor On and Off again and again. Due to the presence of this advanced inverter technology, the Inverted ACs are highly expensive. But, we cannot neglect that Inverter ACs have better cooling potential, less electricity-consumption, and sustain for a long time too.

The following table showcases some major differences between the Inverter and Non-Inverter ACs:

 Inverter ACNon-Inverter AC
CompressorAlways in On stateKeeps turning On and Off
Reaches to the desired temperatureVery QuicklyTakes time
CostHighly ExpensiveComparatively Less Expensive
Electricity ConsumptionLessMore


Wrapping up this article here, we hope this short guide will be quite helpful for you all to decide which type of AC you should be picking for yourself. Both the Window AC and Split AC have their perks and some drawbacks too. However, you should be concentrating more on the one that will offer you more feasibility of installation.

On the other hand, if budget is not an issue for you, we recommend choosing the AC with Inverter technology since they are highly durable, less power-consuming, and good for long-term use. No wonder, the initial buying cost will be higher, but with time, the AC will compensate for it by saving some money off your electricity bills. Otherwise, if you keep shifting your place from time to time, trying the new Portable AC options is not a bad choice either.